Fawkes, Guy

(1570–1606)
   Rebel.
   Fawkes was a native of Yorkshire and was brought up in the Church of England. In c. 1593 he converted to Roman Catholicism and, under the influence of Robert Catesby, he became involved in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. The plan was to store explosives in a cellar under the Houses of Parliament, set them alight when King James I was opening Parliament and to seize control of the government. Fawkes was deputed to light the fuse. The plot was discovered before it could be executed. Fawkes was arrested in the cellar and, under torture, he revealed the names of his fellow conspirators. All the plotters were put to death. This incident intensified anti-Roman Catholic feeling in England and, to this day, the defeat of the conspiracy is celebrated with bonfires, fireworks and a ritual burning of Guy Fawkes in effigy.
   H. Garnett, Portrait of Guy Fawkes: An Experiment in Biography (1962);
   H.R. Williamson, The Gunpowder Plot (1941).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fawkes,Guy — Fawkes (fôks), Guy. 1570 1606. English conspirator executed for his role in the Gunpowder Plot, an attempt to kill James I and blow up Parliament on November 5, 1605, to avenge the persecution of Roman Catholics in England. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fawkes, Guy — born 1570, York, Eng. died Jan. 31, 1606, London British conspirator. A convert to Roman Catholicism and a religious zealot, Fawkes joined the Spanish army in the Netherlands in 1593 and became noted for his military skill. In 1604 he returned to …   Universalium

  • Fawkes, Guy — (1570, York, Inglaterra–31 ene. 1606, Londres). Conspirador británico. Convertido al catolicismo y fanático religioso, se alistó en el ejército español en los Países Bajos en 1593 y se hizo conocido por su capacidad militar. En 1604 regresó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fawkes, Guy —  (1570–1606) Catholic rebel caught up in England’s unsuccessful Gunpowder Plot. Guy Fawkes’ (note apos.) Day is November 5 and marks the date of his capture, not execution …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • FAWKES, GUY —    a notorious English conspirator, born of a respected Yorkshire family; having spent a slender patrimony, he joined the Spanish army in Flanders; was converted to the Catholic faith; and on his return to England allied himself with the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Fawkes — Guy Fawkes Guy Fawkes, (prononcer [gaɪ.fɔːks]) ou Guido Falxius, connu également sous le pseudonyme de John Johnson, était un catholique anglais né le 13 avril 1570 à York, et mort le 31 janvier 1606. La c …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy Fawkes — en una ilustración de George Cruikshank para la novela Guy Fawkes, de William Harrison Ainsworth (1840). Nacimiento 13 de abril de 1570 York …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guy Fawkes Night — Mise à feu d’une effigie de Guy Fawkes Nom officiel Guy Fawkes Night Autre nom Bonfire Night Fireworks Night Plot Night …   Wikipédia en Français

  • guy — guy1 [gī] n. [ME gie < OFr guie, a guide < guier < guider: see GUIDE] a rope, chain, rod, or wire attached to something to steady or guide it vt. to guide or steady with a guy guy2 [gī] n. [after FAWKES Guy] 1. in England, an effig …   English World dictionary

  • Fawkes — Fawkes, Guy (1570 1606) an English ↑Roman Catholic who was killed as punishment for his part in a secret plan, known as the Gunpowder Plot, to destroy the ↑Houses of Parliament by causing an explosion on November 5th, 1605. ↑Guy Fawkes Night is… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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